A real estate agent is a person who acts as an intermediary between a home buyer and home seller to negotiate and facilitate a real estate transaction.

Real estate agents most frequently represent one side of the transaction, namely the buyer or seller. Real estate agents who represent both sides of a transaction are known as “dual agents.” Due to the inherent conflict of interest when representing both parties, many states do not allow dual agency.

A real estate agent must be licensed to practice real estate in their state. Licensing requirements usually involve education and testing requirements.